Booted or True Eagles

Indian Black Eagle - Ictinaetus malayensis

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
I. m. malayensis
- Burma, south-central & south-east China and Taiwan, south through Indochina and Malaya Peninsula to Greater Sundas, Sulawesi and Moluccas
I. m. perniger - North India and Nepal, south India and Sri Lanka 
HABITAT:
Forested hills and mountains from sea level up to 3100 meters
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
67 - 81 cm
Wing-span:
164 - 178 cm
Weight:
1,0 - 1,6 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Lesser Spotted Eagle - Aquila pomarina

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
A. p. pomarina
- Eastern Europe (reaching Baltic in north, Germany in west and Greec in south) through Turkey and Caucasus to south Caspian lowlands 
A. p. hastata - India (mainly north) and Bangladesh
HABITAT:
 Mature forests, often near meadows and river valleys. Also in dry mountain forests up to 2200 meters
POPULATION:
c. 100 000pairs (estimated in mid-1980īs
IDENTIFICATION:
The smallest of the true Aquila-eagles
Lenght:
57 - 64 cm
Wing-span:
 145 - 170 cm
Weight:
 1,1 - 2,0 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Greater Spotted Eagle - Aquila clanga

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
From eastern Europe across Asia to China and Pacific coast
HABITAT:
Forests near wetland
POPULATION:
860 - 1100 pairs (European population)
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
60 - 70 cm
Wing-span:
155 - 180 cm
Weight: 
1,5 - 2,5 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Steppe Eagle - Aquila nipalensis


Photo: Gerald and Buff Corsi,
California Academy of Sciences. cburroughs@CalAcademy.org

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
A. n. nipalensis
- Altai and Tibet (west) to Manchuria (east)
A. n. orientalis - South-east European Russia (west) to Lake Balkhash and east Kazakhstan (east).
DISTRIBUTION:
 
HABITAT:
 Steppe and semi-desert
POPULATION:
Some 15 000- 25 000 pairs (European parts of Russia)
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
72 - 81 cm
Wing-span:
160 - 200 cm
Weight:
2,4 - 3,9 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Tawny Eagle - Aquila rapax


Photo: Gerald and Buff Corsi,
California Academy of Sciences. cburroughs@CalAcademy.org

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
A. r. rapax
(African Tawny Eagle) - south Kenya and south Zaire, south to South Africa and west to Angola and Namibia
A. r. belisarius - Morocco and Algeria. South Arabia and tropical Africa, south to north Zaire and north Kenya
A. r. vindhiana (Eurasian Tawny Eagle)  - Pakistan, India, south Nepal and Burma
HABITAT:
Open woodland, savanna and arid steppe
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
65 - 75 cm 
Wing-span:
170 - 190 cm
Weight: 
1,7 - 3,1 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Spanish Imperial Eagle - Aquila adalberti

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Central, west and south Spain
HABITAT:
Sparsely wooded flat or hilly country
POPULATION:
150 - 160 pairs (in 1993)
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 74 - 85 cm
Wing-span:
177 - 220 cm
Weight:
 2,5 - 3,5 kg
STATUS:
ENDANGERED
One of the most threatened eagles in the world

Eastern Imperial Eagle - Aquila heliaca

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Central Europe and Turkey (west) to Transbaiklia and Mongolia (east)
HABITAT:
Former in open and semi-open habitats but nowedays, because of perscution,  in large forests in mountains.
POPULATION:
c. 2000 pairs
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 72 - 84 cm
Wing-span:
180 - 215 cm
Weight:
2,5 - 4,5 kg 
STATUS:
RARE

Gurney's Eagle - Aquila gurneyi

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
New Guinea, West Papuan Island and Aru Island. Also on Moluccas and Seram
HABITAT:
Lowland and hill, primary rain- and swamp forest 
POPULATION:
Low population density
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
66 - 80 cm
Wing-span:
170 - 190 cm
Weight:
 3,1 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Golden Eagle - Aquila chrysaetos

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
A. c. chrysaetos - North-west & central Europe (west) to west & central Siberia and Altai (east)
A. c. homeyeri - Iberian Peninsula, north-west Africa and large Mediterranean Islands through Egypt, Asia Minor and Arabia to Caucasus and Iran (east)
A. c. canadensis - North America, from Alaska to west-central Mexico (south), Labrador, New York and Quebeck (east)
A. c. daphanea - Turkestan (west) to Manchuria (east) and Pakistan, Himalayas and south-west China (south)
A. c. japonica - Korea and Japan
A. c. kamtschatica - West & central Siberia and Altai (west) to Kamchatka
HABITAT:
Open, deserted terrain e.g. mountains, plateaux and steppe. Prefers low or spares vegetation to wooded areas. From desert areas to edge of tundra and from sea-level high into mountains.   
POPULATION:
5 000 - 7 000 pairs (European population)
70 000 pairs (North American population - 1980īs)
 
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 75 - 90 cm
Wing-span:
190 - 227 cm
Weight:
 2,8 - 4,6 kg (male) and 3,6 - 6,7 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Wedge-tailed Eagle - Aquila audax

 

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
A. a. audax - Australia and south New Guinea
A. a. fleayi
(Tasmanian Wedge-tailed Eagle) - Tasmanian
HABITAT:
Over most terrestrial habitats, from sea-level up to 2000 meters
POPULATION:
about 100 pairs (A. a. fleyi)
IDENTIFICATION:
Nominate
Lenght:
 81 - 104 cm
Wing-span:
186 - 227 cm
Weight:
 2,0 - 4,0 kg (male) and 3,2 - 5,3 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Black Eagle - Aquila verreauxii

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Eastern and southern Africa, Israel, (possibly) Sinai and south-east Arabian Peninsula.
HABITAT:
Rocky terrain as far from humans as possible. From sea-level up to 5000 meters
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
80 - 90 cm
Wing-span:
210 - 240 cm
Weight: 
3,0 - 4,2 kg (male) and 3,1 - 5,8 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Wahlberg's Eagle - Hibernates wahlbergi

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Mauritania (west) to Ethiopia (east) and South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
Woodland and tree savanna
POPULATION:
9000 pairs
IDENTIFICATION:

Lenght:
 55 - 60 cm
Wing-span:
141 cm
Weight:
 437 - 1400 g
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Bonelli's Eagle - Hieraaetus fasciatus

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
H. f. fasciatus - North-west Africa and Iberian Peninsula (west) through Mediterranean, south-west Asia and Arabia to Afghanistan, Pakistan and India and on through north Indochina to south China (east)  
H. f. renschi - Sumbawa, Timor, Wetar, Luang and probably Flores.
HABITAT:
Sparesly vegetated mountainous areas, with gorges and steep cliffs
POPULATION:
820 - 1 000 pairs (European population)
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 65 - 72 cm
Wing-span:
150 - 180 cm
Weight:
 1,6 - 2,4 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

African Hawk-eagle - Hieraaetus spilogaster

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Senegambia (west) to Ethiopia and Somalia (east) and north-east South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
Woodland and tree savanna
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 60 - 70 cm
Wing-span:
142 cm
Weight: 
1,2 - 1,3 kg (male) and 1,4 - 1,8 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Booted Eagle - Hieraaetus pennatus

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
H. p. pennatus - South-west Europe and north-west Africa (west) through east Europe, Asia Minor to Caucasus (east). Cape Province (South Africa)
H. p. harterti - Central Asia to Mongolia and Lake Baikal (north-east) and north India (south) 
HABITAT:
Confined to partly wooded areas intersepted with more open slopes with scrub, pastures and farmland
POPULATION:
3 000 - 6 000 pairs (European population, mostly in Spain)
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 45 - 55 cm
Wing-span:
110 - 132 cm
Weight: 
709 g (male) and 975 g (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Little Eagle - Hieraaetus morphnoides

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
H. m. morphnoides
- Australia
H. m. weiskei - New Guinea
HABITAT:
Open forest, woodland, scrub and savanna. From sea-level up to 1950 meters.
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 45 - 55 cm. Weiskei 38 - 48 cm
Wing-span:
110 - 136 cm
Weight: 
530 - 810 g (male) and 745 - 1250 g (female). Weiskei 483 g (male)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Ayres' Hawk-eagle - Hieraaetus ayresii

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Sierra Leone (west) to Etiopia and Somalia (east) to north Namibia, north Botswana and north-east South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
Dense deciduous woodland, gallery forest, forest edge and plantations of exotic trees. Even in city suburbs.
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
45 - 61 cm
Wing-span:
124 cm
Weight:
 685 - 1045 g
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Rufous-bellied Eagle - Hieraaetus kienerii

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
H. k. kienerii
- North-east India and Nepal. South-west India and Sri Lanka
H. k. formosus - Burma and Hainan (west) through west, south & east-central Indochina and Malaya to Greater Sundas, Bali, Philippines and Sulawesi (east)

HABITAT:
Heavy evergreen  and moist deciduous forest from foothills to up to 1500 meters
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
42 -60 cm
Wing-span:
90 - 127 cm
Weight: 
732 g (male)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Martial Eagle - Hieraaetus bellicosus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Senegambia (west) to Ethiopia (east) and South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
Open habitat from desert and steppe to grassland and woodland
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
78 - 86 cm
Wing-span:
212 cm
Weight:
 3,0 - 6,2 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Black-and-white Hawk Eagle - Spizastur melanoleucus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
East & south Mexico through Central America to Colombia and Ecuador. Along the Pacific through Venezuela, east Brazil to north-east Argentina and Paraguay
HABITAT:
A variety of forested areas in tropical and subtropical zones
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
51 -61 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight: 
850 g
S
TATUS: Not globally threatened

Long-crested Eagle - Spizaetus occipitalis

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Senegambia (west) to Ethiopia (east) and north Namibia, north Botswana and east South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
Edges of forest and woodland bordering on patches of marsh and long grass
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
53 - 58 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight: 
0,9 - 1,4 kg (male) and 1,4 - 1,5 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Cassin's Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus africanus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Sierra Leone and Liberia (west) to west Uganda and east Zaire. Also north-west Angola
HABITAT:
Lowland tropical evergreen forest and gallery forest.
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
50 - 61 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight: 
0,9 - 1,0 kg (male) and 1,2 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Changeable Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus cirrhatus


Photo: Per Poulsen

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
S. c. cirrhatus (Crested Hawk Eagle) - India, south of Rajasthan and Gangnetic Plain
S. c. ceylanesis - Sri Lanka
S. c. andamanesis - Andaman Island
S. c. limnaeetus, -  North India and Nepal through Burma, west & south Indochina and Malaya Peninsula to Greater Sundas and west & south-east Philippines
S. c.
vanheurni - Simeulue Island
S. c. floris (Sunda Hawk Eagle) - mountains of Sumbawa and Flores
HABITAT:
Deciduous and evergreen forest, secondary forests and teak and tea plantations, in lowlands and foothills up to 1500 meters
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
57 - 79 cm
Wing-span:
127 - 138 cm
Weight: 
1,3 - 1,9 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Mountain Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus nipalensis

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
S. n. nipalensis -  Himalayas of India and Nepal (west) through south China and Hainan to east China and Taiwan (east) and north Indochina, north Malaya Peninsula and Vietnam (south) 
S. n. orientalis -  Japan
S. n. keelarti
- South-west India and Sri Lanka

HABITAT:
Mountain forest from 600  up to 4000 meters 
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
67 - 86 cm
Wing-span:
130 - 165 cm
Weight: 
1,8 - 3,5 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Javan Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus bartelsi

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Java
HABITAT:
Humid tropical forest
POPULATION:
52 - 61 pairs
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
56 -61 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight: 
STATUS:
VULNERABLE
One of the rarest of all raptores

Sulawesi Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus lanceolatus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Sulawesi and off-laying islands of Muna and Butung. Banggai Island and Sula Island
HABITAT:
Primary and old secondary forests with open areas, from 250 up to more than 2000 meters
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
56 - 64 cm
Wing-span:
Weight: 
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Philippine Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus philippensis

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Philippines
HABITAT:
Forests in lowland and foothills
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 64 - 69 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight:
 c. 1,2 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Blyth's Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus alboniger

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
South Burma and south Thailand (west) through Malaya Peninsula to Sumatra (east). North Borneo. 
HABITAT:
Hill and mountain evergreen forest from 200 up to 1700 meters
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
52 - 58 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight: 
830 g
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Wallace's Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus nanus

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
S. n. nanus
- South Burma and south Thailand (west) through Malaya Peninsula to Sumatra and Borneo (east)
S. n. stresemanni - Nias Island (off west Sumatra)
HABITAT:
Lowland evergreen forests
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
43 - 58 cm
Wing-span:
Weight: 
500 - 610 g
STATUS:
RARE

Black Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus tyrannus

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
S. t. tyrannus
- East & south Brazil
S. t. serus
- Central Mexico south to Colombia and east of the Andes from Guianas and Trinidad through Brazil and south to Paraguay and north-east Argentina. Recent recorded west of the Andes in Ecuador and Peru 
HABITAT:
Tropical forests, generally in lowland.
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
58 - 71 cm
Wing-span:
140 cm
Weight: 
950 g (male) and 1120 g (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Ornate Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus ornatus

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
S. o. ornatus - East Colombia to Guianas and Trinidad and through east Ecuador north-east Peru, north & east Bolivia and Brazil to Paraguay and north Argentina
S. c. vicarius
- South-east Mexico through Central America to west Colombia and west Ecuador
HABITAT:
Humid forests in tropical and subtropical zones
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
58 - 67 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight: 
1,0 kg (male) and 1,5 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Crowned Hawk Eagle - Spizaetus coronatus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Senegambia (west) to south Kenya and central Ethiopia (east) and Angola, north-east Botswana and east South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
Forest and dense woodland. 
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
80 - 99 cm
Wing-span:
163 cm (male) and 180 cm (female)
Weight: 
2,7 - 4,1 kg (male) and 3,2 - 3,9 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Black-and-chestnut Eagle - Spizaetus isidori

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Coastal ranges of north-west Venezuela and north-east Colombia (north) on subtropica slopes of the Andes from Venezuela through Colombia, Ecuador and Peru to west-central Bolivia (south)  
HABITAT:
Heavily forested mountain slopes in subtropical zones, usually at 1500 - 2800 meters
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
60 - 80 cm
Wing-span:
175 cm
Weight: 
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

 

References:
  • The RAPTORS of Europe and The Middle East - Dick Forsman
  • The Golden Eagle - Jeff Watson
  • Handbook of the Birds of the World, Volume 2

toto.hedfeldt@telia.com
Latest date of change: 2006-12-31